Notes for the Workshop on Freedom and Privacy by Design
at the Computers, Freedom & Privacy 2000 Conference
Toronto, Tuesday, April 4

Roger Clarke

Principal, Xamax Consultancy Pty Ltd, Canberra

Visiting Fellow, Department of Computer Science, Australian National University

Version of 29 January 2000

© Xamax Consultancy Pty Ltd, 2000

This document is at


My position is that strong privacy protection laws and institutional arrangements and effective technologies are both essential.

My arguments in relation to the legal framework were presented in in Communications of the ACM (February 1999). The inadequacies of conventional 'fair information practices' legislation are analysed in Beyond the OECD Guidelines: Privacy Protection for the 21st Century (2000).

These Notes relate to technological protections. I distinguish three categories of technologies:

An accessible introduction is provided in a 1999 paper on Privacy-Enhancing and Privacy-Sympathetic Technologies.

The following sections identify papers I've published on various aspects of the topic, followed by a resource-page that lists a large number of papers published by other people.


Papers I've published that are directly relevant to the question of technologies to protect privacy are as follows (in chronological order):

Reference List

The following page provides references to many other papers on the topic:


Go to Roger's Home Page.

Go to the contents-page for this segment.

Send an email to Roger

Created: 29 January 2000

Last Amended: 29 January 2000

These community service pages are a joint offering of the Australian National University (which provides the infrastructure), and Roger Clarke (who provides the content).
The Australian National University
Visiting Fellow, Faculty of
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Xamax Consultancy Pty Ltd, ACN: 002 360 456
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